I happen to like using functional testing to establish the need for and the effectiveness of any procedure I deliver. This is especially true in lumbar bracing. The “Get up and Go” test delivers on both points. This test paints a picture of the patient’s functional status (for example: stability) that medical reviewers or even laymen can understand. There are many other ways to document but this particular test is especially effective.
In the Journal of Rehabilitation, Research, & Development¹ the authors, James C. Wall, Phd. et al., explain at length “The Timed Get up and Go Test.” Other great sources are an article in the Journal of American Geriatric Society², written by authors Podsiadlo and Richardson, as well as an article in the Arch Phys Med Rehabilitation³, courtesy of authors Mathias, Nayak, and Isaacs.
For the purposes of a chiropractor or therapist testing a patient here is how the test is conducted:
The total time it takes a patient to perform the task should be 10 seconds or less. Any time over that is abnormal, with any time over 20 seconds being very significant.
Here are the instructions to the patient on how to perform the tasks of the “get up and go” test.
With the patient sitting in a chair, they are instructed to (when told to start) stand up on their own without using the arm rests. If they have to use the arm rest, note that in the chart. Once up they are to then walk about 10 steps, stop, turn around, and walk back to the chair. Once back at the chair they are to sit again. The test is over once they get to a comfortable, steady point when sitting.
During the test I look for lots of indications of an impaired patient, such as muscle weakness, balance issues, heel/toe walking, cadence, hip swing, and all the other nuances that you may observe. If the patient takes 10-20 seconds to finish the “get up and go” task, this is considered abnormal. I find this a great deal in my patient mix.
Patients that take over 20 seconds reflect a significant impairment functionally and need serious attention. I see this often as well.
Braces can be very effective in stabilizing a patient in danger of exacerbation or falling. Some braces actually help increase the strength of muscles.
The next step I take in my office brings this test to another level. If I feel that stabilizing the patient’s core or lumbopelvic spinal axis would be helpful, I fit the patient with a LSO (lumbosacral orthotic) and do the test again. Immediate improvement in performing the “get up and go” test in a shortened time or stabilizing other factors proves to me the need for the brace.
During the course of treatment I periodically check the patient’s performance level of the test. I usually see the time diminish, often to normal levels. At that point, using a small activity belt support such as a L0627 (one of the many levels of belt classifications) might be all that is needed.
This is just one way a physician or therapist can chart effectiveness and medical necessity, as well as the progress and compliance of the patient, when using a DME brace in the patient care plan. Braces can be very effective in stabilizing a patient in danger of exacerbation or falling. Some braces actually help increase the strength of muscles. Certainly braces can be a wonderful part of a care plan for a spinal patient. I want to do the very best for my patients. And I know you do too.
Consider functional testing, such as the “Get up and Go” test in your overall assessment and documentation of a spine-compromised patient. You won’t be disappointed and your results will improve.
- Wall JC, Bell C, Campbell S, Davis J. The Timed Get-up and go Test Revisited: Measurement of the Component Tasks. Journal of Rehabilitation Research & Development. 2000 Jan;37(1):109-114.
- Podiadlo D, Richardson S. The Timed ‘Up and Go’ Test: A Test of Basic Functional Mobility for Frail Elderly Persons. Journal of American Geriatric Society. 1991; 39:142-148.
- Mathias S, Nayak USL, Isaacs B. Balance in Elderly Pateints: the ‘Get Up and Go’ Test. Arch Phys Med Rehabil. 1986;67:387-389.
James C. Antos D.C., DABCO, Dr. Antos has been in private chiropractic practice for 34 years. He is a a lecturer for Florida State License renewal on behalf of the Florida Chiropractic Association in the years of 2011 and 2012, teaching the the topic"DME and Lumbar Bracing". He can be reached by phone at 386-212-0007, or visit his website at www.antosdmebrace.com